Including the Chinese joint venture companies, the Volkswagen Group had an average of 366,769 employees (+2.7%) during the reporting period. Our companies in Germany employed 172,548 people, making up 47.0% (previous year: 49.8%) of the total headcount. The Volkswagen Group had 351,584 active employees as of the reporting date. In addition, 7,070 employees were in the passive phase of their early retirement and 9,846 young persons were in vocational traineeships (–0.4%). In total, the Volkswagen Group’s total headcount amounted to 368,500 employees (–0.4%) as of the reporting date. A total of 172,624 people were employed in Germany (–1.0%). The number of employees abroad was 195,876 (+0.1%).